Permanent Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)

Frequently Asked Questions


Welcome to our comprehensive guide on the requirements and process for applying to Service Canada’s Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) for a Permanent Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). In this article, we will provide you with a detailed overview of the program, eligibility criteria, and step-by-step instructions for a successful application.

1. Understanding the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP)

The Temporary Foreign Worker Program is designed to address labour market shortages in Canada by allowing employers to hire foreign workers when qualified Canadian citizens or permanent residents are not available. A Permanent Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is required when employers wish to hire a foreign worker on a permanent basis. 

These applications are used to support an Express Entry candidate with their application for permanent residency by giving the applicant “arranged employment”.  

A permanent LMIA can also be used to support a temporary work permit application if the employer pays a $1,000 CAD processing fee. This is called a “dual-LMIA”. The work experience acquired by the worker can also be used to gain Canadian work experience points on Express Entry, further increasing the candidate’s competitiveness for an invitation. 

2. Eligibility Criteria for a Permanent LMIA

To apply for a Permanent LMIA, employers must meet certain eligibility criteria, including:

  • Proof of recruitment efforts: Employers must demonstrate that they made reasonable efforts to recruit Canadian citizens or permanent residents for the position. This can involve advertising the job vacancy and documenting the results of recruitment efforts.

  • Genuine need: Employers must provide evidence of a genuine labor market need that cannot be met by the domestic workforce.

  • Wage requirements: Employers must offer wages that are competitive and consistent with the prevailing wage rate for the occupation and region.

  • Compliance with employment standards: Employers must comply with all federal, provincial, and territorial employment standards, including providing a safe and healthy work environment for employees.

  • Transition plan exempt: Employers are exempt from the transition plan requirement when hiring for a permanent LMIA. Instead, they must outline how the Permanent LMIA will be used to support the foreign worker’s application for permanent residency, and how they as an employer will support that application. For example, an employer can pay for the foreign worker’s language training courses to improve their official language test scores on the IELTS, CELPIP, TEF or TCF language tests. 

3. Application Process for a Permanent LMIA

Here is a step-by-step guide to the application process for a Permanent LMIA:

  • Determine eligibility: Before starting the application, ensure that your position meets the eligibility criteria for a Permanent LMIA.

  • Recruitment efforts: Conduct recruitment efforts to demonstrate that there is a genuine need for a foreign worker. Advertise the job vacancy in appropriate venues and keep records of all recruitment activities.

  • Submit application: Prepare and submit the application form along with all required supporting documents, such as job descriptions, proof of recruitment efforts, and a transition plan.

  • Pay the processing fee: If applying for a dual-LMIA, a processing fee payment is required. Otherwise, this is not. If so, pay the applicable processing fee for the LMIA application. The fee may vary depending on the number of positions requested. 

  • Application assessment: Service Canada will assess your application, including reviewing the supporting documents, verifying compliance with eligibility criteria, and evaluating the transition plan.

  • LMIA decision: Service Canada will notify you of the decision regarding your LMIA application. If approved, you can proceed with the process of hiring the foreign worker.

4. Important Considerations and Compliance

  • Timelines: The processing time for a Permanent LMIA can vary. It is essential to plan ahead and submit the application well in advance to allow for any potential delays.

  • Compliance with conditions: Once the LMIA is approved, employers must comply with the conditions outlined in the LMIA and ensure that the foreign worker meets the necessary work permit requirements.

  • Ongoing reporting requirements: Employers may be required to provide periodic reports to Service Canada, detailing their efforts to fulfill the commitments made to the worker to support their permanent residency application.

5. Conclusion

Applying for a Permanent Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) under Service Canada’s Temporary Foreign Worker Program is a significant step towards hiring a foreign worker on a permanent basis. By understanding the requirements and following the application process diligently, employers can navigate the program successfully.

It is important to consult official government resources and seek professional advice to ensure compliance with the latest regulations and requirements. Service Canada provides detailed guidelines and information to assist employers in preparing their applications for a Permanent LMIA. By carefully adhering to the guidelines, providing thorough documentation, and demonstrating a genuine need for foreign workers, employers can increase their chances of a successful application.

Remember to maintain compliance with employment standards and fulfill any reporting requirements once the LMIA is approved. It is crucial to create a smooth transition plan, showcasing your commitment to reducing reliance on foreign workers over time and increasing opportunities for Canadian citizens or permanent residents.

For personalized guidance and expert assistance with your application for a Permanent LMIA, consider consulting with an immigration lawyer or a reputable law firm. Their expertise in Canadian immigration law and experience with the TFWP can greatly enhance your chances of a successful outcome.

Take the next step towards securing a Permanent LMIA and accessing the global talent pool to meet your business needs. Contact our law firm today to schedule a consultation and let our experienced team assist you in navigating the application process with confidence.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is for general guidance purposes only and should not be considered legal advice. It is advisable to consult with immigration experts or legal professionals for personalized advice based on your specific circumstances. 

Why would I hire a lawyer to assist me with this?

Hiring a lawyer to assist you with the application process for Service Canada’s Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) for a Permanent Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) can provide several advantages. Here are some reasons why you might consider hiring a lawyer:

  1. Expertise in Immigration Law: Immigration lawyers specialize in Canadian immigration law and have extensive knowledge of the TFWP and LMIA requirements. They stay up to date with the latest regulations, policies, and procedures, ensuring that your application is accurate, complete, and compliant with the law.

  2. Personalized Advice: Every case is unique, and an immigration lawyer can provide personalized guidance based on your specific circumstances. They can assess your eligibility for a Permanent LMIA, identify any potential issues, and develop strategies to strengthen your application.

  3. Application Preparation: Lawyers can assist you in preparing a strong and comprehensive application package. They know which documents to include, how to present your case effectively, and how to address any potential concerns or gaps in your application.
  4. Enhancing Chances of Approval: Lawyers understand the nuances of the LMIA process and can help you navigate potential challenges. They can assess the strength of your case, identify any weaknesses, and provide guidance on how to overcome them, increasing your chances of a successful application.

  5. Compliance and Avoiding Mistakes: Immigration laws and regulations can be complex, and making errors or omissions in your application can lead to delays or rejections. Lawyers ensure that you meet all the eligibility criteria, follow the correct procedures, and submit a thorough and accurate application, minimizing the risk of mistakes.

  6. Legal Representation and Advocacy: If any issues or complications arise during the application process, a lawyer can represent you and advocate for your interests. They can handle any correspondence, negotiations, or appeals with Service Canada on your behalf, ensuring that your rights are protected.

  7. Time and Stress Management: The application process can be time-consuming and overwhelming. By entrusting the legal aspects to a lawyer, you can save valuable time and alleviate stress. They will handle the details, allowing you to focus on your business and other important matters.

It is important to choose a reputable and experienced immigration lawyer who specializes in Canadian immigration law and has a track record of success with LMIA applications. They can provide you with personalized guidance, address your specific concerns, and maximize your chances of a successful outcome.


While hiring a lawyer is not mandatory, their expertise and guidance can significantly enhance your application and provide you with peace of mind throughout the process.

Hire Our Law Firm for Expert Assistance with Your TFWP Permanent LMIA Application

Are you planning to apply for a Permanent Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) under Service Canada’s Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP)? Don’t navigate the complex immigration process alone. Our law firm is here to provide you with exceptional legal assistance and increase your chances of a successful application.

1. Benefit from Specialized Expertise: Our immigration lawyers possess extensive knowledge and experience in Canadian immigration law, specifically in the TFWP and Permanent LMIA applications. We stay up to date with the latest regulations, policies, and procedures, ensuring that your application is accurate, complete, and compliant with the law.

2. Personalized Approach: We understand that every case is unique, and we take the time to understand your specific circumstances, goals, and challenges. Our dedicated team will provide you with personalized advice, tailored strategies, and guidance throughout the entire application process.

3. Comprehensive Application Support: Our experienced lawyers will meticulously prepare your Permanent LMIA application, ensuring that all necessary documents are included, and your case is effectively presented. We will address any potential concerns, strengthen your application, and maximize your chances of approval.

4. Legal Representation and Advocacy: In the event of complications or challenges during the application process, our lawyers will serve as your legal representatives. We will handle all correspondence, negotiations, and appeals with Service Canada, advocating for your best interests and protecting your rights.

5. Compliance and Risk Mitigation: Immigration laws and regulations are complex and subject to frequent changes. By hiring our law firm, you can rest assured that your application will be in full compliance with all requirements, minimizing the risk of errors or omissions that could lead to delays or rejections.

6. Time and Stress Management: Applying for a Permanent LMIA can be time-consuming and stressful. By entrusting your application to our experienced team, you can save valuable time and alleviate the burden of navigating the process. You can focus on your business while we handle the legal aspects with precision and efficiency.

Take the next step towards a successful Permanent LMIA application. Contact our law firm today to schedule a consultation with our immigration experts. Let us guide you through the intricacies of the TFWP, provide you with personalized assistance, and increase your chances of obtaining a positive LMIA decision.

Mandelbaum Immigration Lawyers can conduct a Permanent LMIA assessment for you. Simply provide us with your name, email address and phone number by emailing us at, and our office will contact you to arrange a consultation with a lawyer.

Don’t take chances with your Permanent LMIA application. Hire our law firm and benefit from our expertise, personalized approach, and unwavering dedication to your success. Together, we will navigate the complex immigration process, ensuring your application stands out and meets all the requirements for a favorable outcome.

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